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10 Tips to Create a Perfect Sphere

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Getting started with the spherification technique created by Ferran Adria at el Bulli is not difficult but creating a perfect sphere shape requires some practice. These are a few tips to help you master the spherification technique and impress your diners with a perfect sphere.

1- Get the right viscosity. The difference in viscosity between the flavored solution and the bath affects how easy is to form a sphere with basic and reverse spherification. The sphere shape forms due to surface tension between the liquids. The general rule is that it is easier to form a sphere if the flavored solution is thicker (more dense) and the bath is thinner (less dense).

-In basic spherification try adding more sodium alginate to the main ingredient if its spreading in the bath and not holding its shape. Keep in mind that the eating experience will be better if the liquid inside the sphere is less dense so don’t add too much sodium alginate. If the spheres sink too fast and flatten in the bottom, you can constantly stir the bath so the spheres float around or add sugar to it to increase the viscosity.

-In reverse spherification try adding xanthan gum to the main ingredient or in some cases even reducing the amount of sodium alginate in the bath helps. Keep in mind that the eating experience will be better if the liquid inside the sphere is less dense so don’t add too much xanthan gum.

Spherical mozzarella (spherification) -720

2- Do not use tap water. If the calcium content of your tap water is high, it will thicken the sodium alginate bath when doing reverse spherification as the calcium will trigger the jellification process. And a thicker bath will make the spherification process more difficult. Use distilled water instead. Not mineral water since it can also contain calcium.

3- Use a spherical spoon. For preparations other than caviar in which you use a syringe, use measuring spoons with a spherical shape. These help get a better spherical shape when pouring the main ingredient into the bath, they conveniently come in different sizes to create ravioli, gnocchi, etc and are included in the Molecular Gastronomy Essentials Kit, the Molecular Gastronomy Premium Kit and the Molecular Gastronomy Ultimate Kit.

4- Use a flat pan for the bath. This is especially important for reverse spherification because the spheres tend to stick together if they become in contact with each other. If you use a bowl, it will be harder to keep the spheres separate as they will all flow into the middle of it as you pour the main ingredient into the bath to create multiple spheres.

5- Fill the bath container up to the top. If you fill the container not less than an inch from the top, it will be easier for you to place the pouring spoon almost horizontally touching the liquid for an easy and smooth pouring with the twist of your wrist. Otherwise, the container sides may be on your way not allowing you to hold the spoon horizontally close to the surface of the liquid.

6- Pour the liquid carefully. This is the most critical step in spherification and it requires practice. There are a few ways of doing this and some techniques work better for some people. Be patient and try different things until you find the right process for your preparation.

- Don’t pour the main ingredient from high above the surface of the bath. The impact of the liquid on the surface of the bath will flatten the sphere. Place your spoon horizontally close to the bath surface or even touching it and, with a fast but gentle twist of your wrist, pour the liquid into the bath.

- Another technique is to place the spherical spoon in the bath and with a syringe, inject the liquid in the bath in the spoon cavity to help form the sphere. When mastered, this technique allows you to create spheres a little faster since you don’t need to go back and forth between the bath and the main ingredient container while cleaning the spoon in between.

7- Don’t let the spheres float at the top. After pouring the sphere into the bath, sometimes they stay floating. You don’t want this to happen because the top won’t get much exposure to the bath solution and it won’t gel and form a sphere. To make the sphere sink in the bath, gently create a few waves in the bath around the sphere using a spoon or your fingers so that the bath solution gets on top of the sphere. This will also help form the sphere shape as the floating edges of the sphere fold into the center of it.

8- Flip the spheres occasionally while in the bath. If they stay touching the bottom of the recipient, the bottom of the spheres will be less in contact with the bath resulting in a thinner membrane than the rest of the sphere which could break easily. This side of the sphere will also be somewhat flattened.

9- Clean your spoons. Always wipe your spherical spoon after each pour, especially if you are placing the spoon bottom on the bath to pour the liquid. Also make sure your slotted spoon is clean before you dip it in the bath to fish your spheres. If you don’t clean your spoons, you may get small lumps of extra gel or “baby” spheres stuck to your sphere.

10- Keep the bath clean. If a sphere breaks in the bath and there are small particles floating around, pass the bath solution through a sieve and continue the spherification process with a clean bath to avoid these particles from sticking to your sphere.

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  • Felixmferreira

    Hi !,does anyone knows if I take out tjhe sphere ,how long does it last to it breaks?.Can I do it ahead of times before and store it in the refrigerator .tks

    • QuantumChef

      Yes, you can store them in a liquid bath in the fridge. It is better if you use the same ingredient (e.g. mango juice) rather than water to prevent dilution.

      • Jesús Book

        Can they be keep for months in refrigeration or how much time have they of expiration life

        • QuantumChef

          It really depends on the ingredients but since most of the time you’ll be using perishable ingredients they usually last just a few days in the fridge.

          • Canadian Gourmet

            Could I use Sodium Benzoate or Sorbic Acid for to make longer the expiration life?, which of these two are better for this? and.. using one of these… how much time of life can they have?

            I appreciate your help Chef.

          • QuantumChef

            How long they last is not related to spherification but to the fresh ingredients you are using. So whatever time you feel comfortable keeping those ingredients with or without adding preservatives is how long you could be storing the spheres.

          • sleezter

            is that for both spherification and reverse spherification?

          • QuantumChef

            For reverse, with basic spherfication you can’t store them if you want the inside to remain liquid.

  • leo

    how much can i store the sodium alginate bath? does it have something like an expiration time?

    • QuantumChef

      For a few days in the fridge is ok.

  • meatpie

    Hello, I would like to make tomato garlic basil spheres. I’ve been reading about the processes and think frozen reverse spherification will work best for what I want to do (a molded shape, not just sphere). Would you be able to comment on any calcium or acidity issues? I think I would not need to add calcium lactate or calcium lactate glutonate… ? but I’m curious if you have any thoughts before I proceed. Thanks!

    • QuantumChef

      Acidity shouldn’t be an issue because you are using reverse spherification but you’ll need to add calcium to the tomato water.

      • meatpie

        thanks! I was thinking tomatoes might have a high enough calcium content but I’ll add it to the water and give it a try.

  • fgfgg

    hey i am trying to make sphere container , HOW!

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  • edward yu

    Hello Sir,did you provide any recipe cookbook to buy?

    • QuantumChef

      We don’t since all recipes and techniques are available for free on our site so we can keep adding more information every week. For recipes by kit go to

  • edward yu

    Also did that cookbook recipe provide English version to study?

  • Kent Imanashi- Imanashi Enterp

    For molecular recipes, download Textures: a hydrocolloid recipe collection by khymos

  • Robin M

    Can you heat the spheres for serving hot? i.e Tomato soup spheres?

    • QuantumChef

      Yes, just warm then in a liquid bath.

  • peria

    why does the ph level affect the formation

  • Josue Mancero

    Is there any way to store “caviar” made using basic spherification, i read some where that if you add .02% calcium to the storing liquid this will hold them, how true is this

    • QuantumChef

      Not possible, sorry!